1.1. Theology between Church and Academia
The rise of theology in Europe is intimately connected with the development of the universities. They grew out of the scholastic period, noted for its summas, commentaries, and collections of sentences. Disputations brought scholars together, which ultimately led to the development of a transregional alliance of thinkers and writers.
The papacy granted the right to establish universities, as well as assisted them financially. Throug…