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(813 words)

1. Forms of Fasting

1.1. Israel and Judaism

In the OT law only the Day of Atonement was a strict fast. The righteous, however, fasted also each Monday and Thursday. Fasting expressed expiation (Atonement) and a readiness for conversion. It intensified the prayer for help (2 Sam. 12:16; 1 Kgs. 21:27; Neh. 1:4–11) and gave force to prayer for the attainment of revelations (Dan. 9:3; 10:2–3). It was the mark of a pious life pleasing to God. Along with prayer and almsgiving, fasting formed a triad of good works. The prophets criticiz…

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Grün, Anselm, “Fasting”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 17 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_F69>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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