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(4,234 words)

1. Philosophical

1.1. Etymology and Concept

With related terms in other languages, the word “free” derives from the Indo-European root *prai-, meaning “protect, spare, like, love.” The Latin word for “freedom” is libertas, the Greek, eleutheria (esp. in the sense of political freedom). The latter occurred for the first time in Pindar (ca. 522-ca. 438), who said of Hieron I (ca. 540–467/466), founder of the city of Etna, that he founded it “with ordered freedom” (Pyth. 1.61). The eleutheroi were free persons who, as disti…

Cite this page
Hofmeister, Heimo and Tödt, Heinz Eduard, “Freedom”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 21 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_F201>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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