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Hebrews
(492 words)

The term “Hebrews”—in Hebrew ʿibrı̂ (pl. ʿibrı̂m), in Ugaritic ʿpr (pl. ʿprm), in Egyptian ʿpr (pl. ʿpr.w), in Akkadian ḫab/piru (pl. ḫab/pirū, ideogram lúSA.GAZ, with the broader reading ḫabbātu = robbers), in Greek Hebraios—common in the ancient Near East from the late third millennium b.c., designated people who had lost their position in society through war, debt, criminal acts, and so forth, who were organized in loose bands, and who offered their labor to foreign masters in return for recompense. Not by accident …

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Spieckermann, Hermann, “Hebrews”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 29 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_H53>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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