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High Priest
(444 words)

The office of high priest, directing the cult and its personnel, was one of the religious institutions of Israel (§1), as it was of most ancient societies.

1. We have no documentation from the earliest period. The oldest references come from the age of the monarchy (Amos 7:10–15; 1 Sam. 14:3; 21:1–9; 2 Kgs. 12:7; 16:10–16), but with no specific description of the office. Postexilic texts first include the titles hakkōhēn haggādôl (Lev. 21:10; Num. 35:25–28; Hag. 1:1) and kōhēn hārōʾš (2 Chr. 19:11 etc.). The tasks are set forth (atonement of the whole congregation, Lev. 4:16–20),…

Cite this page
Schaller, Berndt, “High Priest”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 24 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_H166>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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