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Holy Spirit
(4,686 words)

1. Biblical Data

1.1. OT and Early Judaism

Statements about the rûaḥ (spirit) of Yahweh are of direct pneumatological interest. The working of the rûaḥ is at first ecstatic, equipping charismatic leaders (Judg. 3:10; 6:34; 1 Sam. 10:6; Charisma) and prophets (1 Sam. 10:6; 19:20–24) for their tasks. Time and again those concerned are gripped by the Spirit. More permanent endowment first appears in the case of David (1 Sam. 16:13). The great preexilic prophets appeal to the Word of Yahweh rather than to his Spirit (though see H…

Cite this page
Pratscher, Wilhelm and Ritschl, Dietrich, “Holy Spirit”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 10 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_H248>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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