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(501 words)

The NT mentions several men called James.

James the son of Zebedee and brother of John. He seems to have been an early disciple of Jesus (Mark 1:19 and par., cf. Luke 5:10) and was one of the Twelve (Mark 3:17 and par.; Acts 1:13). With his brother and Peter (and sometimes Andrew), he was one of the inner circle of Jesus’ disciples (Mark 1:29; 5:37 and par.; 9:2 and par.; 10:35–41; cf. Matt. 20:20–24; also John 21:2). According to Mark 3:17, Jesus gave him and his brother the nickname “Boanerges” (meaning “Sons of Thunder”), thus indicating their calling as preachers. …

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Holtz, Traugott, “James”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 31 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_J18>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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