Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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(3,356 words)

1. Sources

The sources for an account of Jesus, both secular and Christian, are complex.

1.1. Ancient histories contain no direct references. The so-called testimonium Flavianum (Josephus Ant. 18.63–64) refers to Jesus as “a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man.… He was the Messiah.” This passage, however, seems at least to have undergone Christian revision. In his account of the execution of James, Josephus (Ant. 20.200) identifies Ja…

Cite this page
Holtz, Traugott, “Jesus”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 02 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_J71>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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