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Jewish Christians
(1,552 words)

1. Biblical and Patristic Period

1.1. Term

The loose term “Jewish Christians” takes on sharp contours only when it is used in agreement with patristic sources. It is used for Christians who link their confession of Christ to a theology and lifestyle of Jewish structure (M. Simon, G. Strecker).

1.2. Sources and Spread

The early Christian fathers from the time of Irenaeus (d. ca. 200) describe Jewish Christians. There are quotations from perhaps three Jewish-Christian gospels (Apocrypha 2.1.2)…

Cite this page
Merkel, Helmut and Baumann, Arnulf, “Jewish Christians”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 03 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_J96>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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