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Karma (Skt. karma, act [noun]) denotes in the Vedic period a special sacrificial act, then, from the time of the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa and the early Upanishads, all the actions in life that carry directly in themselves their own material and moral effect. Karma is one of the basic ideas of all Indian religions (Buddhism; Hinduism; Jainism) but is variously interpreted. It signifies universal interdependence and thus transcends a causality that is merely material, subjecting also the psychological, moral, and mental levels of existence to a strict law of cause a…

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von Brück, Michael, “Karma”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 10 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_K8>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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