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The Kitawala movement arose in 1911 in what was then British Nyasaland (now Malawi). The Briton Joseph Booth (1851–1932), a free-lance missionary working for many new Christian groups, directed it from outside. The African Elliott Kenan Kamwana (1872–1956), a student of Booth’s, preached the good news inside the country. The American Charles Taze Russell (1852–1916) inveighed in his writings against church and government, which would be eliminated at the return of Christ. Kamwana adapted this teaching to the colonial situation, preaching that the British would disappear a…

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Greschat, Hans-Jürgen, “Kitawala”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 15 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_K80>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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