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(1,312 words)

1. General Situation

The Republic of Madagascar, off the coast of southeast Africa, is the world’s fourth largest island. The Arabs knew it from the ninth century. In 1506 the Portuguese became the first Europeans to reach it; in 1896 it became a French colony (Colonialism), achieving independence in 1960. A military regime took over in 1972, soon thereafter imposing a ban on multiparty politics that lasted until the presidential and National Assembly elections of 1992–93. By the constit…

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Southall, Aidan W., “Madagascar”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 24 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M12>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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