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Martyrs, Acts of the
(300 words)

Persecutions in the early church resulted in a specific literary genre, the acts of the martyrs. We find two types. The first consists of a record of the trials of martyrs, for example, that of Justin Martyr in Rome about 165 (Martyrium Sancti Iustini et Sociorum), or that of the 12 martyrs of Scillium (near Carthage?), North Africa, in 180 (H. Musurillo, 86–89), or that of Cyprian of Carthage in 258 (Acta Proconsularia, Musurillo, 168–75). The second type consists of a report of events before and during the imprisonment and then of the execution of the death sentence. Examples are the Martyrdo…

Cite this page
Albrecht, Ruth, “Martyrs, Acts of the”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 28 November 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M150>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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