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(834 words)

1. Religious Aspects

The term “Messiah” derives from the biblical title māšı̂aḥ, “the anointed.” Anointing confers legitimacy upon a person as king or high priest.

The Jewish view rested on the divine promise of an eternal kingship to the descendants of David (2 Sam. 7:12–16; monarchy in Israel). When Israel came under foreign rule in the sixth century b.c., this promise lay behind the hope that Zerubbabel of the house of David might be the king of the age of salvation (see Hag. 2:20–23; Zech. 3:8; 6:12–13). The pro…

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Kippenberg, Hans G., “Messianism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 10 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M378>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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