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Monogram of Christ
(505 words)

The oldest MSS tradition offers contractions of the divine names, especially ĪC̄ for Jesus (= IHCOYC) and X̄C̄ or X̄P̄C̄ for Christ (= XPICTOC). These contractions, which might be understood as ciphers for the salvation achieved in Christ (Christology), are also found to some extent in monogrammatic form (e.g., as the chrismon, or Chi-Rho) in the Middle Ages in introductions to letters and documents.

From around 200 we also find the common symbol ⳨, the staurogram (Cross 3), which is made up of the superimposed letters tau (T) and rho (P) as an abbreviation for stauros / stauroō (cross …

Cite this page
Brennecke, Hanns Christof, “Monogram of Christ”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 04 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M806>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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