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(775 words)

The term “mosque,” designating the Islamic place of worship, comes from Arab. masjid, via a borrowing from Aramaic. Islam distinguishes between the jāmiʿ, which is a place of worship in the narrower sense (i.e., a place of gathering for obligatory worship on Friday and the two festival services, a sacred building of distinctive structure), and the masjid, a cultic site in the broader sense (i.e., a place where one casts oneself down for prayer). The term jāmiʿ, which does not occur in the Qur’an, results from domestic liturgical disputes. But the masjid belongs intrinsically to the mo…

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Neuwirth, Angelika, “Mosque”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 07 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M874>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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