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(785 words)

1. Neoscholasticism is a movement in philosophical theology that sought to revive Roman Catholic theology—after the shocks of rationalism, the Enlightenment, and revolution—by the adoption of Scholasticism, particularly as taught by Thomas Aquinas (ca. 1225–74; Thomism). Often the term carries a polemical undertone, referring to its Ultramontanism (esp. in F. Michelis) and Jesuitism (Jesuits). Its rise in the 19th century may be understood against the background of the decline of romantic (e.g., the Tübingen school) and idealistic (G. Hermes, A. Günther) attempt…

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Scheffczyk, Leo, “Neoscholasticism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 03 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_N111>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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