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Niemöller, Martin
(827 words)

Martin Niemöller (1892–1984), a German Lutheran pastor, theologian, and ecumenist, grew up in Lippstadt and Elberfeld as the son of a pastor influenced by nationalistic Protestant ideas. After completing his secondary school education, he became an officer in the navy. During World War I he saw action in various capacities and at the end of the war was a submarine commander. After the war he began an agricultural apprenticeship but then in 1919 began studying theology in Münster. In 1920 Niemöller participated voluntarily in putting down the revolt of the so-called Red…

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Schneider, Thomas Martin, “Niemöller, Martin”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 31 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_N211>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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