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Old Believers
(644 words)

“Old Believers” (Russ. Raskolniki, “Schismatics”) is the name given to those Christians in the Russian Orthodox Church who in the mid-17th century opposed the liturgical reforms of the Moscow patriarch Nikon (1605–81). They themselves took the name “Old Ritualists” or “Old Orthodox,” claiming to be the only ones to continue true Orthodoxy (Orthodox Christianity; Orthodox Church). Those reforms were avowedly to restore ancient uses but were in point of fact an importation of contemporary Greek practices instead of the ancient Russian tradition estab…

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Hauptmann, Peter, “Old Believers”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 11 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_O70>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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