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Papal States
(883 words)

1. History

The Papal States, or States of the Church (sing. in Ger. Kirchenstaat, Ital. Lo Stato Pontificio or Lo Stato della Chiesa), are the territories in central and southern Italy over which the pope exercised temporal sovereignty. Private and public gifts of property from the fourth century onward formed the nucleus of the church holdings, known as the Patrimony of St. Peter. Gregory I (590–604) reorganized and centralized these properties.

When Stephen II (752–57) appealed for help against the Lombards, the Frankis…

Cite this page
Denzler, Georg, “Papal States”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 18 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_P.17>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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