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Patriarch, Patriarchate
(1,573 words)

1. Biblical Usage

The LXX coined the Gk. word patriarchēs, which derives from patria (family, tribe). In the OT it may be used for any group leaders, but in the NT it refers specifically to Abraham (Heb. 7:4), the 12 sons of Jacob (Acts 7:8–9), and David (2:29).

2. Jewish History

From the third century to the fifth, the nasi (prince), the head of the Tiberias Sanhedrin, was called patr…

Cite this page
Plank, Peter, “Patriarch, Patriarchate”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 23 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_P.46>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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