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(1,121 words)

1. Before Easter

The apostle Peter apparently came from a Greek-speaking family in Bethsaida. His original name, Simon, is a Greek form of Simeon. His brother Andrew, with whom he worked as a fisherman in Capernaum, had a purely Greek name. Jesus called the brothers, who were at first attracted to John the Baptist, at the beginning of his public ministry (Mark 1:16–18; John 1:35–42).

Peter had a leading position among the 12 disciples and was given a new name denoting his character (Mark 3:16 and par.). Derived fr…

Cite this page
Karrer, Martin, “Peter”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 08 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_P.76>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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