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Priest, Priesthood
(4,566 words)

1. Religion

1.1. Definition

No adequate definition of “priest” or of the institution of the priesthood exists (Religious Studies). We cannot make generalized statements about the functions of the office and its social status, for they depend on each culture-specific context. Yet structures of priestly action may be found in all religious systems, even in those in which priests in the strict sense are unknown (e.g., Islam and Theravada Buddhism).

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Cite this page
Gerlitz, Peter, Stolz, Fritz, Garhammer, Erich and Siegele-Wenschkewitz, Leonore, “Priest, Priesthood”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 03 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_P.143>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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