1. Terms and Definitions
Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), who developed a new paradigm of human psychological theory and created new methods of research, psychotherapy, and analysis of culture, founded psychoanalysis. The theory of repression is the cornerstone of psychoanalysis and its most essential element (Freud, Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works [SE], vol. 14).
Repression is a defense against ego-dystonic unconsci…