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(784 words)

1. Investigation of the Synoptic gospels in the 18th and 19th centuries produced a two-source theory according to which Matthew and Luke used not only Mark but also a collection of materials largely made up of sayings of Jesus. For want of a better title, this collection has come to be called “Q,” after Ger. Quelle, “source.”

Synoptic comparison has made possible a hypothetical reconstruction of the wording and sequence of this nonextant collection. It is theorized that originally isolated sayings were grouped by themes in Q. The sequence of sayings, which we cannot localize in…

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Hoffmann, Paul and Heen, Eric M., “Q”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 31 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_Q.1>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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