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Rabbi, Rabbinism
(2,099 words)

1. Definition

The term “rabbi” denotes a Jewish scholar and minister. The origin of the term is to be found in Heb. rab (master, great one). It seems originally to have been a form of address meaning “my master” or “my teacher” (see Matt. 23:7). In the second half of the first century a.d., it then became a title preceding the proper name. Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi (i.e., Judah the Patriarch, ca. 135–ca. 220) was simply known as the Rabbi. He was traditionally the redactor of the Mishnah. Other patriarchs held the honorary title r…

Cite this page
Schlüter, Margarete, “Rabbi, Rabbinism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 10 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_R.1>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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