Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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1. Term

“Rationalism” and its cognates in European languages derived in the 17th century from Lat. ratio, “reckoning,” also “reason,” “plan,” or “theory”; also “the faculty that calculates and plans.” In religion the term designates standpoints based on reason that are critical of beliefs and practices relying on authority and revelation. More broadly, rationalism is any philosophical position affirming the ability of thinking, apart from sensory experience, to discover fundamental truths a…

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Dierken, Jörg and Brown, Robert F., “Rationalism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 20 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_R.8>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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