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Rationalism
(2,563 words)

1. Term

“Rationalism” and its cognates in European languages derived in the 17th century from Lat. ratio, “reckoning,” also “reason,” “plan,” or “theory”; also “the faculty that calculates and plans.” In religion the term designates standpoints based on reason that are critical of beliefs and practices relying on authority and revelation. More broadly, rationalism is any philosophical position affirming the ability of thinking, apart from sensory experience, to discover fundamental truths a…

Cite this page
Dierken, Jörg and Brown, Robert F., “Rationalism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_R.8>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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