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Reformed and Presbyterian Churches
(5,200 words)

1. Term and Origins

The adjective “reformed” refers first to what the Reformation was seeking to accomplish: ecclesia reformata et semper reformanda, that is, the church reformed and always self-reforming. Later, usually beginning with capitals, it came into use for those churches reformed according to the Word of God that received official recognition in the empire by the 1648 Peace of Westphalia. In the English-speaki…

Cite this page
Guhrt, Joachim, “Reformed and Presbyterian Churches”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 25 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_R.22>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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