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Religious Orders and Congregations
(13,576 words)

Christian monasticism—the withdrawal of believers from other church members for the sake of prayer and ascetic devotion—is known from almost the earliest days of Christianity. In the Roman Catholic tradition, this practice led to the development and spread of an enormous variety of religious orders and congregations, many of which focused ultimately on vocations other than monastic (e.g., charity, education, mission, and social ju…

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Rapley, Elizabeth, Roberson, C.S.P., Ronald G., Ryan S.S.M., Adele Marie and Bexell, Oloph, “Religious Orders and Congregations”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 04 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_R.47>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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