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(2,572 words)

The seventh day of the week as a day of rest is one of the basic religious and social institutions of Judaism and, along with circumcision, a chief mark of Jewish identity.

1. Term

In both biblical and postbiblical texts the usual term is šabbāt. We also find šabbātôn (also meaning “seventh year”) and the combination šabbat šabbātôn, “Sabbath of complete rest,” which can refer to the Sabbath year or to the Day of Atonement.

2. Origin

We have no cl…

Cite this page
Schaller, Berndt, “Sabbath”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 18 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_S.2>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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