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(470 words)

In the story of the exodus Moses leads the people to Sinai and receives the law there (Exodus 20–Numbers 10). In the earliest Hebrew poetry it represents God’s dwelling place (Deut. 33:2); God comes forth from Sinai to help his people (Judg. 5:5; Ps. 68:8), and he returns there (Hos. 5:15). “Horeb” is an alternative name in the Pentateuch (also in 1 Kgs. 8:9; 19:8; 2 Chr. 5:10; Ps. 106:19; Mal. 4:4).

It is not clear whether “Sinai” refers to a single mountain or to a range, nor is the meaning of the name or the location clear. Various sites in the Sinai Peninsula an…

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Bromiley, Geoffrey W., “Sinai”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_SI.8>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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