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From the 1840s to the 1950s, “socialism” referred to those authors and organizations whose ideas and activities were intended to further the interests of the working class (Class and Social Stratum). By 1960, socialists expanded their constituency to include the middle classes. Until the 1950s, socialist parties tended to be Marxist insofar as their ultimate goal—whether through gradual reform (E. Bernstein)…

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Sumser, Robert, “Socialism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 03 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_SI.29>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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