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(535 words)

The second son of David and Bathsheba, Solomon was Israel’s third king and ruled over its golden age (ca. 970–930 b.c.; Israel 1.4).

Solomon consolidated his father’s kingdom, dividing all except Judah into districts that cut across the old tribal boundaries, thus consolidating the government at Jerusalem. He built the temple2; 1 Kings 5–7; 2 Chronicles 2–4), accomplishing what his father had only envisioned, as well as his own magnificent palace (1 Kgs. 7:1–8). He levied heavy taxation and employed forced labor, largely of foreign captives, in an extensive building program (5:13–18…

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Myers, Allen C., “Solomon”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 23 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_SI.43>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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