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(702 words)

Contrasting with animism, spiritism (or spiritualism) believes that all things have spirits, or souls, that the dead and other spiritual beings have fellowship with each other, and that humans can make contact with the souls of the dead and with spiritual beings. Spiritists believe that the spirits of the dead can cause noises or make things disappear, give answers to questions about the hereafter, explore the other world, and offer information as to the future.

1. We can distinguish the various kinds of spiritism according to the media by which these messages are tran…

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Hoheisel, Karl, “Spiritism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 15 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_SI.60>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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