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The formula homologoumenōs zēn, “living in harmony,” makes clear the goal of the Stoics, a movement initiated by Zeno of Citium (ca. 335–ca. 263 b.c.). A stoa (colonnade) in Athens gave it its roof and its name. Cleanthes of Assos (331/30–232/31) added to the ambiguous goal of living in harmony the words tę̄ physei, “with nature.” His hymn to Zeus combines philosophical speculation with the religious tradition.

Chrysippus of Soli (ca. 280–ca. 206 b.c.) systematized Stoicism. It then took further …

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Poiss, Thomas, “Stoicism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 07 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_SI.78>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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