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1. Term

The term “syncretism” (Gk. synkrētismos) appears first in the Moralia (490ab) by Plutarch (ca. 46-after 119). Popular opinion or perhaps Plutarch himself derived the term on the basis of a false etymology from the Cretans, who in times of danger would set aside all differences in order to make common cause against the enemy. The term appears first in its theological meaning in the late Middle Ages (Erasmus), where it means the mixing together of various confessionally related…

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Sundermeier, Theo, “Syncretism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 26 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_SI.115>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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