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Theophany in the OT denotes the direct manifestation of God in the earthly sphere.

1. From the days of Jeremiah, “theophany” has been a term for God’s visible coming with power and the accompanying earthly or cosmic reactions of terror. In the veneration of God the oldest manifestation is in the earthquake, when in giant human form God strides across the mountains (Mic. 1:3–4 and Amos 4:13). Clouds are viewed as the dust that is stirred up by him (Nah. 1:3; Ps. 18:9). We find ideas similar to those relating to Baal, the god of the tempest: Yahweh displays his power in the sto…

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Scriba, Albrecht, “Theophany”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 07 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_T.41>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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