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(785 words)

“Torah” (tôrâ, pl. tôrôt) derives from Heb. yrh, hôrâ, “show, direct, instruct.” In a more general sense it means “teaching”; in a narrower sense, “law.” It can denote either a single instruction, as in Lev. 6:9, 14 (MT: 6:2, 7), or more generally a collection of commands. Only in the latter sense can a specific group such as the Decalogue be considered as a Torah, although it is not exclusively called by this word. “Torah” further denotes the Pentateuch (ḥummāš), the five books of Moses, whose unfortunate Greek and Latin renderings (nomos and lex), however, are inappropriate insofar …

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Schlüter, Margarete, “Torah”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 02 April 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_T.63>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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