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Twelve, The
(670 words)

2. The NT has four lists with the names of the Twelve: in Mark 3:16–19; Matt. 10:2–4; Luke 6:14–16; and Acts 1:13. Mark lists Simon Peter, James and John the sons of Zebedee, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot. All four lists agree in naming Peter first and Judas the traitor last, which is doubtless intended as a judgment. Acts 1:13 does not mention Judas. He had been banished from the group (1:18; see mention of “the 11 [disciples]” in Matt. 28:16 and Luke 24:9, 33), and by lot his place was taken by …

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Wolter, Michael, “Twelve, The”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_T.94>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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