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Utilitarian philosophy is primarily an ethical system of principles for determining what is morally right. Francis Hutcheson (1694–1746) is one of its precursors. The principal founders of utilitarianism were the British philosophers Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806–73).

Hutcheson was perhaps the first to state a version of the principle of utility, according to which the morally right alternative is the one that results in the greatest overall happiness. Bentham may have u…

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Brown, Robert F., “Utilitarianism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 03 August 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_U.32>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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