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The term “voluntarism” derives from Lat. voluntas, “will.” The correlative term voluntarius refers to acting of one’s own accord. In everyday language, a voluntary decision or act is one free from coercion or external causation. More robust types of voluntarism assert that free acts are not determined even by a person’s innate desires or characteristics, although freedom of choice may be circumscribed by the range of alternatives apparent to or deemed feasible by the chooser.

Empiricists who affirm that desire or passion is no…

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Brown, Robert F., “Voluntarism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 13 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_V.18>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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