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(793 words)

1. OT

Viniculture finds early attestation in Israel. Along with grain and oil, wine symbolized agrarian prosperity (Hos. 2:8; Gen. 27:28; Deut. 7:13, etc.). The spies who investigated the promised land brought back giant grapes (Num. 13:21–27) to show what wealth God had promised his people. The autumn harvest was a time of rejoicing (Isa. 16:9). Wine was an everyday drink and was generally judged positively (Judg. 9:13; Ps. 104:15; Deut. 8:7–10). It was a gift of God that brought joy (Judg. 9:13; Eccl. 9:7). But warnings against intoxicati…

Cite this page
Roloff, Jürgen, “Wine”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 19 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_W.17>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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