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The divine name “YHWH” occurs over 6,800 times in the OT either alone or in combination (e.g., “house of Yahweh” or “word of Yahweh”). That it was pronounced “Yahweh” is shown by Greek transcriptions. It came to be regarded as unspeakably holy, and so to avoid use of the name it was furnished with the vowels of ʾădônāi, “my Lord, my lords” (cf. LXX kyrios), which led to the mixed form “Jehovah.” It had already ceased to be used much in the later OT, not occurring at all in Ecclesiastes, Esther, or Song of Solomon (a short form in 8:6?). We also do not find it in Job 3–27 (12:9 being a scribal error), a…

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Preuss, Horst Dietrich, “Yahweh”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_Y.1>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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