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Zen Buddhism is an orientation in Japanese Buddhism that stresses meditation (Jpn. zen). The word zen comes from Chin. chʾan, from Skt. dhyāna (meditation). The chʾan, or zen, school did not exist in India, the home of Buddhism. Bodhidharma, a Buddhist monk who came from India to China at the beginning of the sixth century a.d., triggered a Chinese development that reveals an antiformalistic, Taoist influence (Taoism). The teaching work of Hui-neng (638–713) was a high point in China. He advocated a principle of sudden illumination. A radical discontinuity ens…

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Pye, Michael, “Zen”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 17 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_Z.5>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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