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Alpine passes
(1,013 words)

Alpine passes are the connections between Western, Central, and Eastern Europe and Italy. As well as the fluctuating roll call of around 100 passes of primarily regional and local significance, there were at the dawn of the early modern period around two dozen major Alpine passes. These included (from west to east): the Mont Genève, the Mont Cenis, the Great St. Bernhard, and the St. Gotthard; the chief passes of the Grisons: Septimer, Splügen, St. Bernardino, and Lukmanier; finally, the Reschen…

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Beyrer, Klaus, “Alpine passes”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_016741>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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