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Bourgeois society
(2,301 words)

1. French Revolution and bourgeois society

“What is the third estate? Everything. What has it been until now in the political order? Nothing. What does it ask? To become something in the political order” [2].  The catchy words of Abbé Sieyès in his political pamphlet Qu’est-ce que le tiers-état? (1789; “What Is the Third Estate?”) can be understood as the founding manifesto of bourgeois society and the revolutionary elimination of the estates (Esta…

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Schmale, Wolfgang, “Bourgeois society”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 05 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017908>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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