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Brahmo Samaj
(811 words)

Brahmo Samaj was the name of the first reform movement of 19th-century Hinduism. It was founded as Brahmō Sabhā by Rāmmohan Roy in Calcutta in 1828, and after a short period of stagnation, it was renamed Brahmo Samaj (Hindi: “Society [of followers] of Brahma”; “Brahma Society”) in 1843 under Debendranath Tagore. The primary purpose of the movement was to reform outdated Hinduism in the course of intensive engagement with Christianity and the British colonial power.

Roy, still regarded today as one of the “fathers of modern India” [3]; [6], was born into a wealthy Brahmin family, wh…

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Neubert, Frank, “Brahmo Samaj”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_017755>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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