The term chamberer (Ger. Störer) was applied in the early modern period to people who practiced a trade (Industrial trades and crafts) without having the authority to do so by dint of belonging to a guild or with the permission of the authorities. Known by different terms throughout Europe (Fr. faux ouvriers or chambrelans, Dutch beunhazen, Ger. also Bönhasen, Stimpler or Pfuscher), the chamberer is attested from the late Middle Ages into the 19th century.
Even though first complaints by guilds against non-guild craftsmen are attested in Germany as early as the 14th century, n…
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Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online
, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012.
Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_028317>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907