Charters are written records composed and certified under certain conditions and the content of which is a process which is legal in nature. For the period up to the 14th century, in the absence of other archive sources they are the most important so-called written remains of the past. The Middle Ages is accordingly called the ‘age of charters’ and the early modern period the ‘age of documents’ [2. 81 f.].
A distinction is made between imperial, royal, papal and private charters, the term private charter including all such charters that were not issued by king, em…
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Krauer, Rezia and
Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online
, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012.
Consulted online on 20 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_029423>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907